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Transport Poverty, Distance Covered to Access to Basic Infrastructures and Modal Choice in Urban Cities in Cameroon


Year published: 2022
Categories: Book Chapter
URL Link: https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-031-17327-1_9

Author / Authors:

  • Jules Médard Nana Djomo
  • Boniface Ngah Epo


Part of the The Urban Book Series book series (UBS)


This study analyses the relationship between the distance travelled by the poor and the mode of accessing basic urban social infrastructure in Cameroon. We adopt a recursive triprobit model where in a stepwise manner, and we identify joint probabilities for a poor individual to cover a given distance to basic infrastructure (i.e., educational and health infrastructures) using one of the three modes of transport (i.e., walking, motorcycle and car). We use the 2014 Cameroon Household Consumption survey compiled by the National Institute of Statistics. The results show that individuals in poorer households overwhelmingly choose to walk to public educational facilities closer to their areas of residence as well as health facilities situated further from their place of residence. Whist the dataset date back to 2014, recent city-specific datasets for the two largest cities—Yaoundé and Douala—suggest that mobility and transport-poverty characteristics have not significantly evolved since 2014, principally caused by insufficient investments in transforming urban cities. The main takeaway within a context of future cities is the glaring need for urban cities to become more inclusive through urban planning that develops urban infrastructures that facilitate walkability for poor households in cities in Cameroon.

Distance travelled,
Modal choice,


  • Book Chapter