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Co-production and Southern urbanism: lessons from Mashimoni people‘s settlement in Nairobi, Kenya.

Author / Authors:

  • Steve Ouma Akoth



This article reviews some of the milestones of urban planning interventions and activism for inclusive urban citizenship as a strategy for the urban poor‘s security of land tenure in Kenya. It springs from the recent criticism of the concept of cadastral land recording that has been recognised, leading to reframing of the Social Tenure Domain Model (STDM) that attempts to contribute to the production of Nairobi as an ‘open city‘, on the one hand, expressed through identity formation and ‘production‘ of active urban citizenship. On the other hand, it reso¬nates with poet and activist Augustino Nato‘s call for collective and never-ending quest to create space and place. In Mashimoni people‘s settlement, the STDM is entangled through an intricate choreography that deepens the prevailing uncertainties even as it produces what is called the ‘people‘s settlement‘. Activism by non-governmental organisations, social movements and urban planners are configured through the STDM. At the end, this paper makes a call for more attention to how the practices of representation and social class dynamics can in turn shape Nairobians and Nairobi‘s particular path of capitalist development, and the process of physical and cultural urbanisation in Kenya

Trialog - A Journal for Planning and Building in a Global Context #137 “Co-production of knowledge in urban development”. Volume editors: Josefine Fokdal, Astrid Ley and Yassine Moustanjidi


  • Journal Article